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A new experience in Persia

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Duration

14 days 13 nights

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Tour Type

Daily Tour

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Group Size

50 people

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Languages

English

Itinerary

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Day 1

Arrive in Tehran, Overnight in Tehran

Day 2
Day 2

Full day city tour of Tehran including National museum of Iran, Carpet museum, and the world heritage of Golestan palace(The lavish Golestan Palace is a masterpiece of the Qajar era, embodying the successful integration of earlier Persian crafts and architecture with Western influences. The walled Palace, one of the oldest groups of buildings in Teheran, became the seat of government of the Qajar family, which came into power in 1779 and made Teheran the capital of the country. Built around a garden featuring pools as well as planted areas, the Palace’s most characteristic features and rich ornaments date from the 19th century. It became a centre of Qajari arts and architecture of which it is an outstanding example and has remained a source of inspiration for Iranian artists and architects to this day. It represents a new style incorporating traditional Persian arts and crafts and elements of 18th century architecture and technology), Overnight in Tehran

Day 3
Day 3

Flight to Ahvaz(one hour) in the morning, Transfer toward Shoushtar, Visiting the world heritages The old city of Susa(Located in the south-west of Iran, in the lower Zagros Mountains, the property encompasses a group of archaeological mounds rising on the eastern side of the Shavur River, as well as Ardeshir’s palace, on the opposite bank of the river. The excavated architectural monuments include administrative, residential and palatial structures. Susa contains several layers of superimposed urban settlements in a continuous succession from the late 5th millennium BCE until the 13th century CE. The site bears exceptional testimony to the Elamite, Persian and Parthian cultural traditions, which have largely disappeared.) and Tchogha Zanbil (The ruins of the holy city of the Kingdom of Elam, surrounded by three huge concentric walls, are found at Tchogha Zanbil. Founded c. 1250 B.C., the city remained unfinished after it was invaded by Ashurbanipal, as shown by the thousands of unused bricks left at the site.), Overnight in Shoushtar(200km on day)

Day 4
Day 4

Visiting another world heritage site which is Shushtar Historical Hydraulic System (Shushtar, Historical Hydraulic System, inscribed as a masterpiece of creative genius, can be traced back to Darius the Great in the 5th century B.C. It involved the creation of two main diversion canals on the river Kârun one of which, Gargar canal, is still in use providing water to the city of Shushtar via a series of tunnels that supply water to mills. It forms a spectacular cliff from which water cascades into a downstream basin. It then enters the plain situated south of the city where it has enabled the planting of orchards and farming over an area of 40,000 ha. known as Mianâb (Paradise). The property has an ensemble of remarkable sites including the Salâsel Castel, the operation centre of the entire hydraulic system, the tower where the water level is measured, damns, bridges, basins and mills. It bears witness to the know-how of the Elamites and Mesopotamians as well as more recent Nabatean expertise and Roman building influence.). Driving to Gotvand and Lali (since the north of this Province has been used as the winter place of Bakhtiari Ethnic tribes, in the afternoon we will have a visit of some tribal families there.).(The Bakhtiari historically are members of several tribes claiming descent from a common ancestor and residing in the Bakhtiari region of the Zagros Mountains. The Bakhtiari primarily practiced pastoral nomadism. During the mid-nineteenth, Bakhtiari khans (leaders) organized the tribes into a large confederation that played an important role in Iran's national politics for fifty years. In particular, the khans were active supporters of the Constitutional Revolution between 1909 and 1911. Reza Shah Pahlavi's policy of forcible sedentarization of all nomadic tribes effectively destroyed the Bakhtiari confederation. Following his abdication in 1941 under Anglo-Soviet pressure, several thousand Bakhtiari villagers resumed pastoral nomadism, but the majority did not, and the sons of the former khans preferred urban life, where they were integrated with the political and social elite of the country. During the 1970s, an estimated 100,000 Bakhtiari—about 20 percent of the total—continued to carry out the twice-annual migrations. By the early 2000s, only 10 percent of Bakhtiari practiced pastoral nomadism, while an estimated 50 to 60 percent lived in cities.) Back to Shushtar, Overnight in Shushtar(150km driving on day)

Day 5
Day 5

Driving toward Izeh, visiting the old Elamite ruck curving and reliefs in the foothills of Zagros mountains there. KoolFarah and Eshkaft-Salman .(Izeh with the old Elamite names of Ayapir and Anzan had been the summer capital of elamite kings and nowadays is populated by Bakhtiari people). Overnight in Izeh(a local guest house or lodge) (185km driving on day)

Day 6

Driving to Gachsaran(The city which is considered the winter place for some tribes of Qashqai Nomads), on the way stop in Behbahan to have a short visit of the city and then keep driving to Gachsaran and meet some Qashqai families. (Qashqai ; also spelled Qashqa'i, 'Qashqay,' is a conglomeration of clans in Iran consisting of mostly Turkic peoples but also Lurs, Kurds, and Arabs. Almost all of them speak a Western Oghuz Turkic dialect that they call Turki, as well as Persian (the national language of Iran) in formal use. The Qashqai mainly live in the provinces of Fars, Khuzestan, Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad, Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari, Bushehr, and southern Isfahan, especially around the cities of Shiraz and Firuzabad in Fars. The majority of Qashqai people were originally nomadic pastoralists and some remain so today. The traditional nomadic Qashqai travelled with their flocks twice yearly to and from the summer highland pastures north of Shiraz roughly 480 km or 300 miles south to the winter pastures on lower (and warmer) lands near the Persian Gulf, to the southwest of Shiraz.)Overnight in Gachsaran(Hotel)(275km driving on day)

Day 7

Driving to Farashband, on the way visit some of the world heritage of Sassanid Archaeological Landscape of Fars Region. Bishapur and Tang-e-Chogan (The eight archaeological sites situated in three geographical areas in the southeast of Fars Province: Firuzabad, Bishapur and Sarvestan. The fortified structures, palaces and city plans date back to the earliest and latest times of the Sassanian Empire, which stretched across the region from 224 to 658 CE. Among these sites is the capital built by the founder of the dynasty, Ardashir Papakan, as well as a city and architectural structures of his successor, Shapur I. The archaeological landscape reflects the optimized utilization of natural topography and bears witness to the influence of Achaemenid and Parthian cultural traditions and of Roman art, which had a significant impact on the architecture of the Islamic era.), keep driving to Farashband to have a wonderful night with Qashqayi tribes at the equipped black tent , Overnight at an equipped nomadic tent around Farashband.(310km driving on day)

Day 8

After two hours walking and meeting nomads, we drive toward Firuz Abad to visit some other Sassanid Archaeological Landscapes of Fars there, Ardashir Papakan’s Palace ,Qale-Dokhtar, and the ruins of Shahre Goor, Keep driving to Shiraz, Overnight in Shiraz (190km driving on day)

Day 9

A full day city tour of Shiraz including Nasir-al-Molk mosque (pink mosque), Narenjestan (orangery Garden), Vakil complex(Vakil grand Bazar, mosque, and Hammam(Bath)), Eram botanical garden One of the Persian gardens which have been inscribed under the name of Persian Garden on UNESCO List.( “The Persian Garden”The property includes nine gardens in as many provinces. They exemplify the diversity of Persian garden designs that evolved and adapted to different climate conditions while retaining principles that have their roots in the times of Cyrus the Great, 6th century BC. Always divided into four sectors, with water playing an important role for both irrigation and ornamentation, the Persian garden was conceived to symbolize Eden and the four Zoroastrian elements of sky, earth, water and plants. These gardens, dating back to different periods since the 6th century BC, also feature buildings, pavilions and walls, as well as sophisticated irrigation systems. They have influenced the art of garden design as far as India and Spain.) Overnight in Shiraz

Day 10

Driving to Marv-Dasht to visit the world heritage of Persepolis (Founded by Darius I in 518 B.C., Persepolis was the capital of the Achaemenid Empire. It was built on an immense half-artificial, half-natural terrace, where the king of kings created an impressive palace complex inspired by Mesopotamian models. The importance and quality of the monumental ruins make it a unique archaeological site.) and the Necropolis of Naqsh-e-Rostam, Back to Shiraz, in the afternoon visit of the mausoleums of the poets Hafez and Saadi. Overnight in Shiraz(160km driving on day)

Day 11

Drive toward Isfahan, on the Road visit the world heritage of Passargadae(Pasargadae was the first dynastic capital of the Achaemenid Empire, founded by Cyrus II the Great, in Pars, homeland of the Persians, in the 6th century BC. Its palaces, gardens and the mausoleum of Cyrus are outstanding examples of the first phase of royal Achaemenid art and architecture and exceptional testimonies of Persian civilization. Particularly noteworthy vestiges in the 160-ha site include: the Mausoleum of Cyrus II; Tall-e Takht, a fortified terrace; and a royal ensemble of gatehouse, audience hall, residential palace and gardens. Pasargadae was the capital of the first great multicultural empire in Western Asia. Spanning the Eastern Mediterranean and Egypt to the Hindus River, it is considered to be the first empire that respected the cultural diversity of its different peoples. This was reflected in Achaemenid architecture, a synthetic representation of different cultures.). keep driving to Isfahan, Overnight in Isfahan(510km driving on day)

Day 12

A full day city tour of Isfahan including the world heritage of Naqsh-e-jahan (Sheikh Lotf-o-llah mosque, Ali-Qapu palace, Shah Abbasi mosque, and the Grand Bazzar)(Built by Shah Abbas I the Great at the beginning of the 17th century, and bordered on all sides by monumental buildings linked by a series of two-storeyed arcades, the site is known for the Royal Mosque, the Mosque of Sheykh Lotfollah, the magnificent Portico of Qaysariyyeh and the 15th-century Timurid palace. They are an impressive testimony to the level of social and cultural life in Persia during the Safavid era.) Then visit another world heritage Persian garden of Chehel-sotoon and the pavilion of Hasht-Behesht, Overnight in Isfahan

Day 13

Full day city tour of Isfahan including Arminian neighborhood of Jolfa and Vank Cathedral, The historical bridges of Si-o-Se Pol and Khadju, the world heritage of Masjed-e Jāmé of Isfahan
(Located in the historic centre of Isfahan, the Masjed-e Jāmé (‘Friday mosque’) can be seen as a stunning illustration of the evolution of mosque architecture over twelve centuries, starting in ad 841. It is the oldest preserved edifice of its type in Iran and a prototype for later mosque designs throughout Central Asia. The complex, covering more than 20,000 m2, is also the first Islamic building that adapted the four-courtyard layout of Sassanid palaces to Islamic religious architecture. Its double-shelled ribbed domes represent an architectural innovation that inspired builders throughout the region. The site also features remarkable decorative details representative of stylistic developments over more than a thousand years of Islamic art.), Overnight in Isfahan

Day 14

Drive toward Imam Khomeini International Airport, on the way a short visit of Kashan including One of the historical houses, The world heritage of Fin Garden, and in case of having time a visit of Grand Bazzar, keep driving to the airport. Flight back to your home land(420km driving on day)

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